Monday, 6 March 2017

Can Bosses Actually Force Employees To Work Overtime


Would you work the equivalent of an extra couple of months each year for no extra pay? Your reply might be: not unless I really depended on my job.

According to a study conducted by, a website that provides price comparisons services for credit cards, loans and mortgages, British employees are working an average of 68 days more each year than they are contracted to, often for no additional pay. The survey, which was based on responses from 2,000 people in full time salaried or hourly employment, reveals that 60 per cent of employees believe that they don’t have a good work-life balance with only a third saying that they typically leave work on time.

But when are employees legally obliged to put in extra hours and burn the midnight oil?

The starting point is to look at the terms of the employment contract. The contract should set out the hours of work and the remuneration to be received, whether it’s in the form of an annual salary or pay at an hourly rate. There may also be provisions outlining overtime rates.

In some contracts though, and usually in contracts for professional services staff, while the hours of work are specified, a separate clause may state that the employee is expected on occasions to work additional hours for no extra pay in order to fulfil their duties.

It’s also important to be aware that under working time regulations workers mustn’t work more than 48 hours each week, averaged over 17 weeks. Workers can opt out provided that they provide a minimum of seven days notice, although they may have to give more notice up to a maximum of 3 months if there is an agreement with the employer. There are also some general exceptions to the 48 hour week including for those workers whose working time is not measured and are in control of their work.

Employers frequently ask employees to sign up to a waiver of the 48 hour maximum working week as part of the employment contract when they join. Although employees could at a later date give notice to opt out, many may worry about repercussions from their bosses.

Another thing to have in mind is the legal obligation to pay the National Living Wage (NLW) and National Minimum Wage (NMW), which would include pay for overtime. Employees’ average pay for the total hours worked mustn’t fall below the NLW and NMW. The NLW of £7.20 an hour (rising in April 2017 to £7.50 an hour) must be paid to workers aged 25 and over. The NMW (which is also rising in April 2017) continues to apply to workers aged 24 and under.

Employees who work excessive hours may also have other types of redress against their employer. Employees could, for example, have claims if they suffer a stress illness, but each case would depend on the circumstances.



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