Sunday 26 March 2017

Hong Kong Chooses New Beijing-Backed Leader

Carrie Lam

The majority of the China-ruled city's 7.3 million people have no say in deciding their leader, who is chosen from among several candidates by a 1,200-person "election committee" stacked with pro-Beijing and pro-establishment loyalists.

Lam, who will become Hong Kong's first female chief executive when she takes office on July 1, won 777 votes compared with 365 for her closest rival, former financial secretary John Tsang, who polls show is more popular.

A third candidate, retired judge Woo Kwok-hing, got 21 votes.

Some scuffles broke out outside the voting centre between protesters and a large contingent of police, who used metal barricades to keep the demonstrations well away.

The activists denounced Beijing's "interference" amid widespread reports of unprecedented lobbying of voters to back Lam, rather than Tsang, chanting "I want universal suffrage" when the result was announced.

"Lies, coercion, whitewash," read one banner. A big yellow banner calling for full democracy was hung from the Lion Rock peak overlooking the city.

"The central government has intervened again and again," said Carmen Tong, a 20-year-old student. "It's very unjust."

Hundreds of Lam supporters waved China flags and cheered inside and outside the venue after Lam's win.

Since Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule in 1997, Beijing has gradually increased control over it even though China had promised wide-ranging freedoms and autonomy not allowed on the mainland under the formula of "one country, two systems", along with an undated promise of universal suffrage.

Many, including opposition democrats, fear Lam will continue the tough policies of staunchly pro-Beijing incumbent Leung Chun-ying, a controversial figure who ordered the firing of tear gas on pro-democracy protesters in 2014 and who was not seen to be defending Hong Kong's autonomy and core values.

"She doesn't have a strong foundation, nor will she have a honeymoon after she's elected," said political scientist Ivan Choy.

"But whether she will further divide society we still have to wait and see what she does, whether she will continue the approach of Leung."

All of Hong Kong's three other post-handover leaders have struggled to balance the demands of China's stability-obsessed Communist Party leaders, with wish of many residents to preserve the global financial hub's liberal values and rule of law that have long underpinned its economic success.

In late 2014, parts of the city were paralysed when tens of thousands of protesters blocked major roads for nearly three months to demand Beijing allow the city full democracy; demands that were ignored amid some violent clashes.

Some see China's creeping interference in many areas of the city including business, media, politics, academia and the judiciary as tarnishing the city's international business allure.

The detention in 2015 of five Hong Kong booksellers who sold material critical of Beijing also dismayed many residents.

The upheavals with Beijing over the city's autonomy and democratic reforms - have roiled a new generation and weighed on the city's economy, ranked 33rd globally by the World Bank in 2015. Hong Kong's richest man, Li Ka-shing, warned this week the city couldn't afford another five years of strife.

Hong Kong had been presented with an electoral reform package, offering the possibility of a direct vote for this leadership race, though only of candidates essentially pre-screened by Beijing. The reform blueprint was vetoed in 2015 by pro-democracy lawmakers as "fake" Chinese-style democracy.

Political and social divisions have led to some legislative and policy-making paralysis and the stalling of major projects, including a cultural hub and high-speed rail link to China.

While Hong Kong's proximity to China has been a boon, bringing Chinese investment and spending, businesses have also faced growing competition from mainland firms in core sectors like services and property.

Housing prices, now among the world's highest, are widely seen to have been pushed up by a wave of buying from rich Chinese, intensifying anti-mainland China sentiment.

While Beijing never explicitly backed any candidate, senior officials have stressed certain conditions must be met including any leader having the "trust" of China's Communist leaders.



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